2. Firstly Ken defines his stages (levels) in a relatively independent asymmetrical discrete fashion. So for example in his approach prepersonal are sharply distinguished from transpersonal stages.

Secondly he identifies his quadrants again in a relatively independent asymmetrical manner, where in effect he attempts to locate holons with specific quadrants e.g. all "ITS" belong to the Right-Hand Quadrants". Also the direction of movement in Ken's four quadrants is positive and unambiguous (representing in each case solely transcendence and inclusion).

Finally he identifies his lines of development again in a relatively independent fashion.
Indeed the very use of the term "lines" indicates his linear asymmetrical bias.

Whereas this is initially suitable for the task of differentiating experience, it is not tenable as an integral approach where we need to demonstrate the dynamic interdependence of levels, quadrants and lines.